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A Review of Patient Safety Curricula in U.S. Medical Schools
Poster Title: A Review of Patient Safety Curricula in U.S. Medical Schools
Submitted on 20 Feb 2018
Author(s): Sabrina Khalil, Rahul Mhaskar, MPH, PhD
Affiliations: USF Health Morsani College of Medicine
This poster was presented at USF Health Research Day 2018
Poster Views: 654
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Poster Information
Abstract: Intro: It is imperative that patient safety is taught in undergraduate medical education programs. . Medical students are a part of the health care team and are responsible for the care and safety of their patients. They require the right preparation, guidance, and support to recognize and address unsafe conditions.
Purpose: The goal of this project is to review the current PS curricula in medical schools including program objectives, methods of program evaluation, teaching formats, student audience, student assessment methods, and barriers to PS education implementation.
Methods: The literature review was completed using Pubmed and ERIC databases. The inclusion criteria required a description of a patient safety curriculum and evaluation of the outcome(s) of implementation for U.S. undergraduate medical students. The effectiveness of each training program was assessed using the modified version of Kirkpatrick’s Four Levels of Training Evaluation adopted by the BEME collaboration as a grading standard for systematic reviews. Simple quantitative statistics were used to report study design, class year, teaching format, content time, and PS content.
Results: This systematic review identified 26 published studies teaching patient safety to medical students. 10 were for pre-clinical students, and 16 were for clerkship and sub-internship students. The programs varied in teaching format and PS content. The majority assessed their intervention using a pre/post study design, and most demonstrated a knowledge, learning, or skills benefit.
Conclusion: While the patient safety undergraduate medical education reform is underway, it is still in its infancy.
Summary: Inadvertent patient harm due to issues in patient safety (PS) is pervasive in our current health care system, and it is imperative PS is taught to medical students. This project reviews the published PS curricula for medical students.References: Kohn L, Corrigan J, Donaldson M. To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System. Washington DC, National Academy Press; 1999.
Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press; 2001.
Greiner A, Knebel E. Health Professions Education: A Bridge to Quality. Washington D.C.: National Academy Press; 2003.
World Health Organization. WHO Patient Safety Curriculum Guide for Medical Schools. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, 2009.
Hammick M, Dornan T, Steinert Y. Conducting a best evidence systematic review. Part 1: from idea to data coding. BEME Guide No. 13. Med Teach 2010;32:3-15. doi:10.3109/01421590903414245.
Walton M, Woodward H, Van Staalduinen S, et al. The WHO patient safety curriculum guide for medical schools. Postgraduate Medical Journal London. 2011; 87(1026):317-321.

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