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Evaluation of Laser Cleaning of Parchment, Wool and Featherwith High Performance Liquid Chromatography and AttenuatedTotal Reflection -Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy
Poster Title: Evaluation of Laser Cleaning of Parchment, Wool and Featherwith High Performance Liquid Chromatography and AttenuatedTotal Reflection -Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy
Submitted on 16 Jan 2020
Author(s): Stamatis C. Boyatzis, Eleni Ioakimoglou, Eleni Tziamourani, Efrosini Karantoni Ekaterini Malea, Stavroula Rapti, Paraskevi Pouli, Athanassia Papanikolaou, Kristalia Melessanaki, Georgios Panagiaris
Affiliations: University of West Attica, Greece, Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research and Technology -Hellas, 711 10 Heraklion, (Greece)
This poster was presented at 2 nd International Conference on Innovation in Art Research and Technology, 21-25 March 2016, Ghent, Belgium
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Poster Information
Abstract: Libraries, ethnological collections and natural history museums often host a wealth of exhibits of organic materials composedofcollagen (e.g. parchment) and keratin (e.g. wool textile,feather hide) proteinaceous materials. As these exhibits compose documents of historical, ethnological and physical significance, their preservation holds enormous importance for defininglocal heritage values, and even those of entire nations. Organic components in parchment, textile and feather, often unprocessed, are very susceptible to environmental conditions (oxygen,heat, light) and often carry deposited particulate material such as dust, soot, dirt and other added substances such as oils,colorants, etc. Therefore, their removal should be conducted incontrolled and targeted ways in compliance with universally accepted codes of conservation-restoration ethics (ICOM 1985).To this end, an initiative aiming at laser cleaning of parchment, wool textile surfaces as well as feather has been undertaken. Laser technology has been applied on specimens of thesematerialsand a number of laser cleaning systems and methodologies have been examined in order to determine the optimum parameters. Theeffectiveness of the laser cleaning has beentested with the use of physicochemical analysis techniques on the treated surfaces: Attenuated Total Reflection – Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy and in some cases,with High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC).Summary: Parchment is composed basically of collagen (a fibrous protein) as main material, along with other proteins, fats and added components such as carbonates (as result of liming). In this study the removal of Ferric stains from parchment has been considered; the goat parchment specimens (approx. 8x3 cm) were prepared and stained following two different methodologies, while laser cleaning was tested using IR (1064nm) and VIS (532nm) wavelengths.References: [1] Fotakis C., D. Anglos, V. Zafiropulos, S. Georgiou, V. Tornari, 2006,
Lasers in the Preservation of Cultural Heritage; Principles and applications ,eds. Brown R. G. W., Pike E. R., New York, USA: Taylor and Francis.
[2] Larsen R., Introduction to damage and damage assessment of parchment, In Improved damage assessment of parchment (IDAP):
Assessment, data collection and sharing of knowledge, Research Report No.18. Edited by.Larsen R. The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2007: 17-22
[3] Brodsky-Doyle, B.; Bendit, E.G.; Blout, E.R., "Infrared Spectroscopy of Collagen and Collagen-Like Polypeptides", Biopolymers , 14, (1975) pp. 937-957.
[4] Susi, H.; Ard, J.S.; Carroll, R.J.., "Hydration and Denaturation of Collagen as Observed by Infrared Spectroscopy", J. Am. Leather Chemists Assoc., 66 (11), (1971) pp. 508-519.
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