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Medical Student: Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs and Practices related to Chronic Diseases Among Caribbean People in Metro Atlanta
EP30803
Poster Title: Medical Student: Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs and Practices related to Chronic Diseases Among Caribbean People in Metro Atlanta
Submitted on 15 Oct 2019
Author(s): David E. W. Daniels, Jennifer Rooke, M.D., MPH, FACOEM, FACPM, Folashade Omole, M.D., FAAFP- Morehouse School of Medicine
Affiliations: Morehouse School of Medicine
Poster Views: 63
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Abstract: Chronic diseases are the most common causes of premature death in the US but little data exists on its effect on Caribbean immigrants and descendants. This study’s objective was to determine the prevalence of chronic health conditions and diseases among Caribbean people who live in Metro Atlanta. The study also assessed their knowledge, attitudes and behaviors related to these chronic health conditions.

This research project assessed Caribbean people’s perceptions and current knowledge about diabetes through a Knowledge, Attitudes and Beliefs (KAB) survey that was administered at the major Caribbean Organizations’ meetings. Univariate and preliminary bivariate and multivariate data analysis was completed using SAS 9.4.

The data provided insight into the knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices of the Caribbean population. High blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and high cholesterol were three most prevalent diagnoses. There is a need for education about cancer prevention in this population. 25% believed that cancer was the most common cause of death in the US. There is a need for interventions to improve eating habits in this population. 68% did not get 5 servings of fruit a day and 67% did not get 5 servings of vegetables a day. This group would be receptive to health information and health promotion programs. 85% were interested in making lifestyle changes, 84% agreed that changes to their eating habits would reduce their risk chronic diseases and 85% stated that they wanted to change their health behaviors.
Summary: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of chronic health conditions and diseases among people from English-Speaking Caribbean countries who live in the Metro Atlanta area. The study also assessed their knowledge, attitudes and behaviors related to these chronic health conditions. We hope that the results of this study will be used to develop chronic disease prevention and treatment programs for this and similar communities in the US.References: 1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). "National diabetes fact sheet: national estimates and general information on diabetes and prediabetes in the United States, 2011." Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 201.1 (2011).
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