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MANAGEMENT IN SAN FELIPE KEY, A CUBAN NATIONAL PARK, BASED ON ASSESSING CORAL REEF CONDITION AND FISHERIES
EP24203
Poster Title: MANAGEMENT IN SAN FELIPE KEY, A CUBAN NATIONAL PARK, BASED ON ASSESSING CORAL REEF CONDITION AND FISHERIES
Submitted on 05 Jul 2016
Author(s): Elena de la Guardia, Zaimiury Hernández, Leonardo Espinosa, Patricia González, Jorge Angulo, Enrique Giménez & Jesús Ernesto Arias-González
Affiliations: Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN- Mérida, Departamento de Recursos del Mar, Laboratorio de Ecología de Ecosistemas de Arrecifes Coralinos, Yucatán, México; Parque Nacional Cayos de San Felipe, Pinar del Rio, Cuba Centro de Investigaciones Marinas, Universidad de La Habana, Cuba. Centro de Investigaciones Pesqueras, Habana, Cuba
This poster was presented at 13 th International Coral Reef Symposium (ICRS)
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Poster Information
Abstract: The San Felipe Keys are located in the Southwest platform of Cuba and were declared National Park in 2010, due to its high ecological value. However, the management plan did not take into account coral reef condition and present fishing activities for more than 60 years. Monitoring of coral health indicators and reef fish associations was conducted with visual census and stereo-video from 2013 to 2015. An annual finfish fisheries assessment (2014) was obtained based on catch sample, using length-frequency analysis and gonads maturity to evaluate the status of selected species. Results showed that bio-erosion processes, like bleaching, coral diseases and incrusting organisms, were more active than accretion, especially in zones with higher reef complexity. Fish associations are dominated by small fish and large commercial species are rare (parrotfish, groupers, snappers and other top predators). Also, evidence of snapper’s reproductive migration and spawning aggregation sites in areas inside and outside the Park were obtained. Close to 25% of fish catch are unreported and snappers were the most abundant group caught. Overall, 40% of annual catches occurred during reproductive season and 70% of individuals were caught with mature gonads. Yet, a high percentage was captured before reaching the first maturity length, especially Lutjanus analis (80%) and Lutjanus cyanopterus (95%) due to problems in its minimum size. Responding to the confounded local situation, we provide management advice to aid in the conservation of ecosystem biodiversity and to promote sustainable fishing practices to deal with overfishingSummary: fisheries, corals, fish, fisheries management, CubaReport abuse »
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