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Mapping the Energy Poverty in Bihar: A Multidimensional Approach
EP37860
Poster Title: Mapping the Energy Poverty in Bihar: A Multidimensional Approach
Submitted on 16 Nov 2021
Author(s): Manjisha Sinha1 and Sendhil Ramadas2
Affiliations: 1 ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana, 132001 2 ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research, Karnal, Haryana, 132001
This poster was presented at XV Agricultural Science Congress 2021 on energy and agriculture: challenges in 21st century
Poster Views: 74
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Poster Information
Abstract: The United Nations declaration of Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All) aims at universalisation of modern energy sources. Does universalisation imply improving the access to energy sources? - a pertinent research question remains unaddressed for a long time. Our study attempts to answer by constructing a Multidimensional Energy Poverty Index (MEPI) in Bihar using the data from the 7th Demographic and Health Survey (DHS). The index includes a robust set of 6 dimensions and 8 indcators. We found that the multidimensional energy poverty in Bihar is 0.42, and the rural-urban energy divide is very high in several districts. On the basis of the MEPI, we classified the 38 districts in Bihar into low, moderate, and high energy poverty districts. Study advocates for the formulation of district specific plans that can tackle the intra state energy deprivation.Summary: Energy consumption has always been related to development. With this assumption deprivation in access to energy and its relevant facets has been addressed in the study. We found that multidimensional energy poverty index was highest in Kaimur (0.34) and least in Samastipur (0.50). The rural-urban divide is also very high in some districts.References: Alkire, Sabina. 2005. “Why the Capability Approach ? Why the Capability Approach ?” Journal of Human Development 6 (1): 37–41. https://doi.org/10.1080/146498805200034275
IIPS and ICF. (2015-16). National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) 2015-16.[Dataset]. Retrieved from 554 IUPM Demographic and Health Surveys (IUPM DHS): http://idhsdata.org.
Gupta, Srishti, Eshita Gupta, and Gopal K. Sarangi. 2020. “Household Energy Poverty Index for India: An Analysis of Inter-State Differences.” Energy Policy 144 (June 2019): 111592. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2020.111592.
Laderchi, Caterina Ruggeri. 1997. “Poverty and Its Many Dimensions : The Role of Income as an Indicator.” Oxford Development Studies 25 (3): 345–60. https://doi.org/10.1080/13600819708424139.
Ram and Yadav. 2021. The pandemic has worsened India’s poverty crisis. Indian Express, 8th July 2021. , https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/the-pandemic-has-worsened-indias-poverty-crisis-7394367/
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