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Pre-Med Student: Assessing the Relationship Between Health Literacy, Asthma Self-Management Knowledge, and Asthma Control
EP30812
Poster Title: Pre-Med Student: Assessing the Relationship Between Health Literacy, Asthma Self-Management Knowledge, and Asthma Control
Submitted on 15 Oct 2019
Author(s): Slater Cruz; Trey Doss; Bree Green; Macy Rowan; Henry Jackson, PhD;; Everett jackson
Affiliations: Sowega-AHEC
Poster Views: 201
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Poster Information
Abstract: Many patients with asthma struggle to control the disease, which may lead to exacerbations, hospitalizations, and mortality. Poor health literacy can impact a patient’s ability to process asthma education, and lead to poor manage and control. The purpose of this study is to describe and compare asthma self-management knowledge and control among patients with high and low health literacy. This study used a cross-section design to survey patients who received healthcare services at Albany Area Primary Health Care (a federally qualified health center). The survey contained items from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System to assess health literacy, Asthma Self-Management Knowledge questionnaire, and the Asthma Control Test. Health literacy scores were dichotomized to create high and low health literacy groups. Descriptive statistics were calculated for all study variables. Bivariate analyses were conducted to examine differences in self-management knowledge and asthma control between high and low health literacy groups. Forty patients participated; mean age = 44.5, 90% were female, and 80% were African-American. The low health literacy group had less knowledge (M=31.9, SD=16.8) compared to the high group (M=42.2, SD=18.7). Approximately 74% of the low health literacy group had poorly or somewhat controlled asthma compared to 50% of the high group. However, results from the bivariate analyses revealed no statistically significant differences between the high and low health literacy groups. Future research may need to examine other factors (e.g., social determinants of health) to understand the low asthma self-management knowledge and asthma control in this population. Summary: The purpose of this study is to describe and compare asthma self-management knowledge and control among patients with high and low health literacy.
References: 1What is Health Literacy? | Health Literacy | CDC. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/healthliteracy/learn/index.html
2Georgia Data Survey | Adult Asthma. (2016). The Georgia Department of Health. Retrieved from https://dph.georgia.gov/sites/dph.georgia.gov/files/2016%20ADULT%20ASTHMA%20DATA%20SUMMARY%2008.2017.pdf
3Furtado, P. R., Maciel, Á. C. C., Barbosa, R. R. T., Silva, A. A. M. da, Freitas, D. A. de, & Mendonça, K. M. P. P. de. (2019). Association between quality of life, severity of asthma, sleep disorders and exercise capacity in children with asthma: a cross-sectional study. Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy / Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia, 23(1), 12–18.
4REDCap. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.project-redcap.org/
5Bhan, N., Kawachi, I., Glymour, M. M., & Subramanian, S. V. (2015). Time Trends in Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Asthma Prevalence in the United States From the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) Study (1999-2
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