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Pre-Med Student: Assessment of the Relationship Between Health Literacy and Diabetes Self Management Among Patients Served by a Federally Qualified Health Center in Southwest Georgia (SOWEGA)
EP30807
Poster Title: Pre-Med Student: Assessment of the Relationship Between Health Literacy and Diabetes Self Management Among Patients Served by a Federally Qualified Health Center in Southwest Georgia (SOWEGA)
Submitted on 15 Oct 2019
Author(s): Chase Cottle; Darshti Patel; Henry Young, PhD; Everett Jackson
Affiliations: Sowega-AHEC
Poster Views: 235
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Poster Information
Abstract: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is highly prevalent in Georgia. This chronic illness occurs when blood glucose levels are abnormally high due to the body’s inability to properly produce or store insulin, and is associated with greater morbidity and mortality, and higher costs. Patients’ self-management of diabetes (e.g., diet, exercise, medication adherence, self-monitoring) is an important component of care. However, previous research suggests that health literacy may impact patients’ diabetes self-management behaviors. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationships between health literacy and diabetes self-management among patients served by a federally qualified health center in Southwest Georgia. A cross-sectional research design was used in this study. Using convenience sampling, patients at Albany Area Primary Health Care were surveyed to obtain information about diabetes self-management and health literacy. Descriptive statistics and bivariate analyses were conducted to examine the relationships between self-management and health literacy. Fifty-four patients participated; mean age 56.8 years old, 91% African-American, and 74% female. Participants with high health literacy had greater physical activity scores compared to those with low health literacy (t=-2.53, p<0.05). Findings suggest that healthcare providers may target patients’ health literacy in an effort to support diabetes self-management. Future studies could examine the impact of health literacy interventions on T2D health outcomes in Georgia. Summary: The purpose of this study was to assess the relationships between health literacy and diabetes self management in patients residing in the SOWEGA area.
References: 1. Abdullah, A., Liew, S.M., Salim, H., Ng, C.J., & Chinna, K. (2019). Prevalence of limited health literacy among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A systematic review. PLoS ONE, 14(5), 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0216402
2. O’Meara, L., Willaims, S.L., Ames, K., Lawson, C., Saluja, S., & Vandelanotte, C. (2019). Low Health Literacy is Associated with Risk of Developing Type 2 Diabetes in a Nonclinical Population. The Diabetes Educator, 20(5), 1-11. doi: 10.1177/0145721719857548
3. Social Determinants of Health. (2019). Retrieved from https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/social-determinants-of-health
4. Schmitt, A., Gahr, A., Hermanns, N., Kulzer, B., Huber, J., & Haak, T. (2013). The Diabetes Self-Management Questionnaire (DSMQ): development and evaluation of an instrument to assess diabetes self-care activities associated with glycaemic control. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 138(11), 1-14. Retrieved from http://www.hqlo.c
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