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VICIOUS CIRCLE OF MALNUTRITION AND MULTIDIMENSIONAL POVERTY: BIHAR’S IN DIRE STRAITS
EP37456
Poster Title: VICIOUS CIRCLE OF MALNUTRITION AND MULTIDIMENSIONAL POVERTY: BIHAR’S IN DIRE STRAITS
Submitted on 21 Jul 2021
Author(s): Manjisha Sinha and Sendhil R
Affiliations: ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute and ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research
This poster was presented at Innovative and Current Advances in Agriculture and Allied Sciences (ICAAAS 2021) | July 19 21, 2021
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Abstract: Despite Bihar’s miraculous growth rate, undernourishment prevalent in the state is well known. Even with several health and social welfare programs, the target seems far flanged. Mounting evidences have documented the fact that malnutrition is both the cause and result of poverty. Hence for understanding how nutrition plays a vital role in poverty estimation, present study has been undertaken for analyzing the multidimensional poverty and its contributing factors. Three dimensions i.e, health, education and living standards and 10 indicators were used in the analysis. For understanding the poverty nutrition inter relation, we included nutrition (stunting, wasting and underweight among the children under 5 years of age, BMI for individual aged 18-49 years and anemia) and child mortality under health dimension. Using the Alkire and Foster methodology, the study shows that extent of multidimensional poverty is very high ranging from 0.30 to 0.50. It highlighted the fact that more than 55 percent of the populations are deprived in health dimension. The present study seeks to explain the current status of the state through multi-dimensional poverty index, nutritional status across population groups followed by targeted interventions. District specific poverty focused intervention integrated with incorporating the biofortified crops into the commodity value chain can work for curbing the menace of malnutrition and multidimensional poverty.Summary: Poverty is a multifaceted, highly complex and interrelated measure. In the milieu, the present study is an attempt to analyze the multidimensional poverty index (MPI) for different districts in Bihar using the Alkire and Foster method. For improving the health status of Bihar diet diversification, food fortification, food supplements and biofortification can be encouraged while for reducing the extent of deprivation efficacy of the program delivery mechanisms should be improved.References: 1. Alkire S and Foster, J 2011 Counting and Multidimensional Poverty Measurement Journal of Public Economics, 95 476 487

2. Alkire S 2015 The Capability Approach and Well being Measurement for Public Policy Oxford University Oxford Poverty Human Development
Initiative (OPHI).

3. IIPS and ICF 2015 16 National Family Health Survey (NFHS 4 2015 16
[ Retrieved from 554 IUPM Demographic and Health Surveys (IUPM
DHS) http :://idhsdata org

4. Banerjee, A Duflo E and Glennerster R 2011 Is decentralized iron
fortification a feasible option to 485 fight anemia among the Poorest? In D A Wise (Ed Explorations in the Economics of Aging 486 (pp 317 344 University of Chicago Press Retrieved from 487 http :://www nber org/chapters/c 11948

5. Sendhil R Kumara KTM Ramasundaram P Sinha, M and Kharkwal S
2020 a) Nutrition Status in 630 India Dynamics and determinants Global Food Security, 26 C 100455 https :://doi org/ 10 1016 /j gfs 2020 100455
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