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VICIOUS CYCLE OF MALNUTRITION AND MULTIDIMENSIONAL POVERTY: BIHAR’S IN DIRE STRAITS
EP37861
Poster Title: VICIOUS CYCLE OF MALNUTRITION AND MULTIDIMENSIONAL POVERTY: BIHAR’S IN DIRE STRAITS
Submitted on 19 Nov 2021
Author(s): Manjisha Sinha1, and Sendhil R 2
Affiliations: 1 Ph.D. Scholar, ICAR–National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana – 132001, India 2Scientist, ICAR–Institute of Wheat and Barley Research, Karnal, Haryana – 132001, India.
This poster was presented at Innovative and Current Advances in Agriculture and Allied Sciences
Poster Views: 139
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Poster Information
Abstract: Despite of Bihar’s miraculous growth rate, undernourishment prevalent in the state is well known. Even with several health and social welfare programs, the target seems far flanged. Mounting evidences have documented the fact that malnutrition is both the cause and result of poverty. Hence for understanding how nutrition plays a vital role in poverty estimation, the present study has been undertaken for analyzing the multidimensional poverty and its contributing factors. Three dimensions i.e, health, education and living standards (10 indicators) were used in the analysis. For understanding the poverty nutrition interrelation, we included nutrition (stunting, wasting, and underweight among the children under 5 years of age, BMI for individuals aged 18-49 years and anemia), and child mortality under health dimension. Using the Alkire and Foster methodology, the study shows that extent of multidimensional poverty is very high ranging from 0.30 to 0.50. It highlighted the fact that more than 55 percent of the populations is deprived in the health dimension. The present study seeks to explain the current status of the state through multidimensional poverty index, nutritional status across population groups followed by targeted interventions. District-specific poverty-focused intervention integrated with incorporating the biofortified crops into the commodity value chain can work for curbing the menace of malnutrition and multidimensional poverty.Summary: Multidimensional poverty was very high ranging from 0.35 to 0.52 across Bihar. People in Bihar are deprived in 5 indicators.
The majority are deprived of nutritious food, clean sanitation facilities, improved housing facilities, electricity and access to several life-supporting assets.
For improving the health status of Bihar diet diversification, food fortification, food supplements and bio-fortification should be encouraged while reducing the extent of deprivation efficacy of the p
References: Alkire, S., & Foster, J. (2011). Counting and Multidimensional Poverty Measurement. Journal of Public Economics, 95, 476-487.
Alkire, S. (2015). The Capability Approach and Well being Measurement for Public Policy. Oxford University. Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI).
IIPS and ICF. (2015-16). National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) 2015-16 [Dataset]. Retrieved from 554 IUPM Demographic and Health Surveys (IUPM DHS): http://idhsdata.org.
Banerjee, A., Duflo, E., & Glennerster, R. (2011). Is decentralized iron fortification a feasible option to 485 fight anemia among the Poorest? In D. A. Wise (Ed.), Explorations in the Economics of Aging 486 (pp. 317-344). University of Chicago Press. Retrieved from 487 http://www.nber.org/chapters/c11948.
Sendhil, R., Kumara KTM., Ramasundaram, P., Sinha, M., & Kharkwal, S. (2020a). Nutrition Status in 630 India: Dynamics and determinants. Global Food Security, 26C: 100455.
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